History of Vilnius

For centuries, the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea was inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, who was crowned as King of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the first Lithuanian state, on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe: present-day Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were territories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighboring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.

In the aftermath of World War I, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the re-establishment of a sovereign state. Starting in 1940, Lithuania was occupied first by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end in 1944 and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania.

On 11 March 1990, the year before the break-up of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare independence. Prior to the global financial crisis of 2007–2010, Lithuania had one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union. 


Hotels in Vilnius

Best Eastern City Gate - Hotels in Vilnius Lithuania

Best Eastern City Gate

Hotel in Vilnius located near the Town Hall, the National Museum of Lithuania, and St. Casimir’s Church
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Rooms from
€ 38,-

 

Novotel Vilnius
Hotel in Vilnius which is located in the heart of Vilnius’s historic and commercial center. s in Vilnius.
Rooms from
€ 55,-
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Hotel Grotthuss
Hotel in Vilnius situated on a cobblestone street in Old Town Vilnius, within easy reach of the city’s many attractions s in Vilnius.
Rooms from
€ 73,-
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Conti Hotel Vilnius
This Vilnius hotel sits between the New Synagogue and All Saints' Church in Old Town Vilnius. s in Vilnius.
Rooms from
€ 45,-
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Popular tours in Vilnius

Tour to Trakai

Tour to Trakai

 

Tour to Trakai every day at 11 am from the Vilnius Cathedral Square info desk.

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Price from
€ 29,-

 

Vilnius City Tour with English speaking guide - Tours in Vilnius
Vilnius City Tour with English speaking guide, everyday in various times.
Price from
€ 22,-
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Hot air balloon flight over Vilnius and Trakai - Tours in Vilnius
Flight over the city Vilnius, which has one of the most beautiful old towns in Europe.
Price from
€ 110,-
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Vilnius sightseeing tour - Tours in Vilnius
Price from
€ 5,-
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